Northumbria University
Dr. Carolina Are is an Innovation Fellow researching on the intersection between online abuse and censorship. Her research on social media moderation, platform governance and algorithm bias has been published in Porn Studies, First Monday, Journalism and Feminist Media Studies, in which she authored the first academic study on the shadowbanning of pole dancing. Dr Are's work has been featured in the BBC, MIT Technology Review, Business Insider, Vice, Wired and Mashable, as well as in a series of bestselling books. She is also a blogger and creator herself, as well as a writer, pole dance instructor and award-winning activist. Dr Carolina Are's first ongoing project at the CDC investigates Instagram and TikTok’s approach to malicious flagging against ‘grey area’ content, or content that toes the line of compliance with social media’s community guidelines. In absence of social media platforms’ communications or transparency about their moderation processes, her two-year study aims to in


  • Book review: John Mair, Tor Clark, Neil Fowler, Raymond Snoddy and Richard Tait (eds) Anti-social media? The impact on journalism and society
  • Indicators of Online Hate Speech and Why it Should be Regulated
  • Fire Werk With Me
  • A corpo-civic space: A notion To address social media’s corporate/civic hybridity
  • How Instagram’s algorithm is censoring women and vulnerable users but helping online abusers
  • The Shadowban Cycle: an autoethnography of pole dancing, nudity and censorship on Instagram
  • Sex in the shadows of celebrity
  • A “Chosen” Hope with a “Gingerbread” Outcome
  • An autoethnography of automated powerlessness: lacking platform affordances in Instagram and TikTok account deletions
  • Fire WERK With Me
  • The Emotional and Financial Impact of De-Platforming on Creators at the Margins
  • Violence and the feminist potential of content moderation
  • The assemblages of flagging and de-platforming against marginalised content creators
  • Flagging as a silencing tool: Exploring the relationship between de-platforming of sex and online abuse on Instagram and TikTok

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